Houses in Multiple Occupation (HMO)

Any rented property with three or more people living across two or more households and sharing common facilities is classed as a house in multiple occupation (HMO).

All properties that meet this description are covered by various legislation - in particular, the Housing Act 2004 and The Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation (England) Regulations 2006, which lists eight specific duties managers of HMOs must follow. 

Any rented property with five or more people living across two or more households and sharing common facilities is classed as a large house in multiple occupation (HMO) and must be licensed.

Apply for a licence

Anyone operating a licensable house in multiple occupation (HMO) without a licence or a valid application for a licence will be committing an offence and will be open to prosecution. The fine for such an offence could be up to a maximum of £30,000. 

Licence fees

There is a fee for licensing each HMO. The fees for 2020-2021 are as follows:

Fees for house in multiple occupation licences
Description Charge
Housing Notices (fixed charge per person) £308
HMO Licence fee Part 1: Initial licence fee application (includes renewal of licences) for property up to five rooms £601
HMO Licence fee Part 2: Ongoing management of five-year licence (includes renewals) £431
Enforcement fee: Due to failure to apply to local authority £251
Additional bedrooms (for each room over the standard five rooms) £16 per room
Standard inspection for immigration £205
Pay online

Inspection programme

We have a proactive inspection programme of HMOs. If the condition of a property is not up to standard then the landlord or owner will be asked to carry out improvements.

For more information about these standards, please visit our Property conditions page.

Fire safety

We want to make sure that all residents living in Dacorum have a safe home and a healthy environment to live in. To help landlords keep their properties safe, we have created a  HMO fire safety leaflet (PDF 1MB).

Public register

We are required (under section 232 of the Housing Act 2004) to maintain and make available a public register of licensed Houses in Multiple Occupation. 

HMO register – disclosure of licence holder’s name and address

We are obliged to publish the following data under Section 232 of the Housing Act 2004 and Statutory Instrument 2006/373, which provides for a public register and regulation 11 of the Licensing and Management of Houses in Multiple Occupation and Other Houses (Miscellaneous Provisions)(England) Regulations 2006;

(a) The name and address of the licence holder

(b) The name and address of the person managing the licensed HMO or house

(c) The address of the licensed HMO or house

(d) A short description of the licensed HMO or house

(e) A summary of the conditions of the licence

(f) The start date and duration of the licence

(g) Summary information of any matter concerning the licensing of the HMO or house that has been referred to (the First-tier Tribunal) 1 or to the (Upper Tribunal) 2

(h) Summary information of any decision of the tribunals referred to in sub-paragraph (g) that relate to the licensed HMO or house, together with the reference number allocated to the case by the tribunal.

You can view the register below:

 Register of licensed Houses in Multiple Occupation (PDF 496KB)

For further information on how we use your data, please visit our Privacy policies page.

Fit and proper statement

When deciding whether a licence applicant is a ‘fit and proper person', we must have evidence that shows the applicant, or anyone else associated with the management of the house in multiple occupation is a fit and proper person. 

To do this, we must take into consideration the legislation set out in the Housing Act 2004 (section 66).

When you apply for a HMO licence, you will be required to supply a basic disclosure certificate for the person named as a property manager, which will list any unspent criminal convictions. You can find more information and apply for a basic disclosure certificate on the Disclosure and Barring Service (DBS) website.

For further information, please read our  Fit and Proper Landlord Statement (PDF 289KB).

Reporting a suspected HMO

If you know of a property that is offered for rent as a house in multiple occupation, or if you suspect a possible HMO that is not on our register, please report it below using our online form.

Report a suspected unlicensed HMO

More information

For more information, please email or call 01442 228000 and ask for Private Sector Housing.

Warning signCoronavirus (COVID-19): We continue to provide services online and via telephone. However, we recognise that in some cases you will need an appointment with an officer, and will therefore be offering limited pre-booked appointments at the Forum for urgent enquiries. Please call 01442 228000 and ask for the service you require. For council service updates and other advice, please see our COVID-19 page×